AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT (AIM)
ALCATRAZ OCCUPATION, 1969-1971
RADICAL INDIGENOUS SURVIVANCE & EMPOWERMENT.
"On November 9, 1969, about 250 Indians gathered at Fisherman’s Wharf to boat over to Alcatraz, formerly a federal penitentiary, and claim it for the Indian people. The arranged boats never appeared, however, and the plan was scuttled. Later that night, though, a group of fourteen Indians successfully landed on Alcatraz Island. It was the second attempt to "take" Alcatraz for the Indian people, but after a day of frantic searching by government officials and the media, they gave themselves up and left the island, planning to negotiate their now-established "squatters’ rights." There ensued a government run-around, and by November 20, the Indians were ready to occupy again. About 100 landed on Alcatraz, and this try was to last about 19 months, until June 11, 1971."